With reduced public funds available, should policy and practice focus on attitudes or on other directions? The study evaluates research evidence from five groups of interventions with children and parents: parent involvement, extra-curricular activities, mentoring, volunteering and peer education, and interventions with a primary focus on changing attitudes.
It found that:
- Changing three attitudes – aspirations, locus of control and valuing school – did not impact on educational attainment;
- There should be a shift in emphasis from ‘raising aspirations’ to ‘keeping aspirations on track’.